Cleaning your carpets and rugs will feel absolutely essential once you hear this icky fact: A single square foot of carpeting can hold up to a pound of dirt before it even looks dirty, according to the Carpet and Rug Institute. So, even with regular vacuuming, there's plenty of dirt in your living room rug that gets missed.
Wool rugs are particularly good at hiding dirt, and debris can damage the structure of the rug over time, says Lisa Wagner, author of the blog Rug Chick and a certified rug specialist.
The solution: Learn how to clean rugs and carpets the right way so they last for years (and you're not walking or sitting on pounds of dirt in your carpets). The cleaning instructions are a little different, depending on your rug's material and size, so follow what's best for your carpet.
How Often to Clean Rugs and Carpets
Regular vacuuming is essential. For rugs in high-traffic zones like your living room or entryway, you might need to vacuum daily, especially the areas where people are constantly stepping, according to carpet manufacturer Shaw Floors. For lower-traffic areas (such as your bedroom), you can get away with a twice weekly run. (Keep in mind that robot vacuums can help you cross this to-do off of your list.
How often you clean your rugs or carpets depends a lot on where they're located, how they're used, and what your household is like—indoor-outdoor rugs in particular endure a lot of weather and wear. Most carpets need to be cleaned once a year, while rugs located in high traffic areas, or busy homes with lots of pets and kids, may need a deep cleaning a few times a year. And obviously, if your rug gets stained, it's time to clean that up pronto—which is why washable rugs are a great option. Rug pads are also essential for protecting your floors and can provide a moisture-proof barrier against spills.
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Considerations Before You Get Started
If you're just spot cleaning a red wine stain or doggie accident, break out the cleaning solutions ASAP. By cleaning it as soon as you catch it, you'll reduce the chances that the stain sets in and becomes permanent.
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But if you're doing a general deep clean of your rugs or carpets, vacuum thoroughly to get any loose dirt and make your cleaning job much easier. (Note: For small rugs, you can flip the rug over to vacuum both sides, or take the rug outside and shake it or beat it to help loosen the dirt.)
What You Need
Small area rugs
•Soft brushes or sponges
•Washing machine (optional)
•Carpet cleaning solution
How to Clean Small Natural Rugs (Cotton or Wool)
Step 1: Break out the detergent
If your rug is colorfast, you can use a soft brush or sponge to wash away the grime. (Note: If you aren't sure if your rug is colorfast, test it by putting a few drops of the detergent on an inconspicuous spot and rubbing it in gently with a white cloth. If you see dye on the cloth, it's not colorfast.)
Step 2: Rinse out the rug
Rinse thoroughly with water mixed with a small amount of white vinegar to remove residue.
Step 3: Let it dry
Roll the rug inside a thick towel, then stand on it to remove as much moisture as you can. Hang the rug so it dries as quickly as possible.
How to Clean Small Synthetic Rugs
Step 1: Figure out the best washing method
If the rug is very sturdy and machine woven, clean it in the washing machine on the gentle cycle. Check the care tag for notes on the recommended water temperature and detergent. If it isn't machine washable, you can use the natural rug method.
Step 2: Hang to dry
Hang it in a spot where it will dry quickly to prevent mold and mildew from forming.
How to Clean Larger Area Rugs
Step 1: Give the rug a lot of TLC
Because larger rugs are a little more unwieldy to work with, it's best to minimize the need for cleaning with regular vacuuming and dealing with spills ASAP.
Before you attack a stain, check your rug for colorfastness by using the detergent on a small inconspicuous spot and dabbing with a white cloth, to look for any bleeding of the dye.
If the dyes are colorfast, dampen the area with a sponge dipped in seltzer, using as little liquid as possible. Blot with a white cotton cloth, then sandwich the stain between two towels and stand on top briefly to remove excess water.
If the dyes aren't colorfast, use a mixture of four parts cold water and one part white vinegar, or sprinkle cornstarch on top and vacuum after 24 hours.
Step 2: Take it outside, if you can
If you're DIYing your rug cleaning, it might be easier to manage outdoors—and your rug will dry faster in the sunshine. Place the rug on a tarp or clean deck, after you've already vacuumed and beaten out as much dirt as possible.
Step 3: Choose an appropriate detergent
The kind of detergent you need differs depending on the material of your rug, whether it's wool, cotton, or a synthetic rug. Don't forget to test the detergent in an inconspicuous spot before you get started, and read the directions thoroughly: Some detergents suggest leaving the cleaner on the rug for several minutes before rinsing to work effectively.
Step 4: Rinse and scrub
Wet down the rug. Use a hose if you're outdoors and your rug isn't too delicate, or cool water and a sponge for more fragile rugs. Apply the cleaner with a brush, and let it set in if required.
Step 5: Rinse again
Remove the detergent with a hose or a sponge and cool water.
Step 6: Let it dry
Use thick towels, squeegees, and other tools to remove as much water as possible. Move the rug to a dry spot (perhaps draped over a deck railing to allow more air circulation, or in a garage or mud room), to dry more thoroughly.
Step 7: Consider calling in a carpet cleaning pro
It may be easier to hire a professional cleaner every year or so to deep clean your rug.
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Step 1: Choose the best cleaning method for you
You can rent or buy a steam cleaner, but a real carpet cleaning is best left to the pros (visit carpet-rug.org to find providers).
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Step 2: Move all furniture off the carpet
If you're hiring a carpet cleaner, they'll move the furniture for you.
Step 3: Choose the right detergent
Use a detergent that's created for your particular carpet material, and that works with your machine.
Step 4: Follow the directions for the carpet cleaning machine
Your carpet cleaning machine will have info on how to apply and remove the cleaner, and how long to let it soak into your carpet.
Step 5: Be careful while it dries
It can take up to 24 hours for your carpet to dry, so avoid walking on the carpet wearing anything but white socks until it's fully dry.
Step 6: Keep your rugs clean
To maintain your clean carpet, treat stains by blotting with a white cotton cloth. Pretest a carpet cleaner in an out-of-the-way area first. If it's OK and doesn't affect the dyes, apply a small amount to the white cloth and blot. Then blot with water.
Baking soda is the go-to solution for bringing your carpet back to life. Not only does it clean, it also kills bacteria, refreshes the pile and removes odours. Apply plenty of baking soda to completely cover your carpet then use a stiff brush to work it in, rubbing it in different directions.How do you refresh carpets and rugs? ›
Baking soda is the go-to solution for bringing your carpet back to life. Not only does it clean, it also kills bacteria, refreshes the pile and removes odours. Apply plenty of baking soda to completely cover your carpet then use a stiff brush to work it in, rubbing it in different directions.How often is too often to clean carpets? ›
Carpet manufacturers typically recommend a weekly surface clean and a deep clean at least once every 12 to 18 months.Why do my carpets get dirty faster after cleaning? ›
Most cleaning methods simply can't remove all the old hair, dust mites, dirt, soapy residues and chemicals. After the cleaning crew leaves, the gunk remaining in your carpeting acts like a magnet for a whole new layer of grime.How do you deep clean a rug at home? ›
Use a carpet cleaning solution or dry shampoo that you can sprinkle on top of your rug. Work it into the rug with a broom or a vacuum brush head that isn't turned on. Let the solution sit for 30 minutes or the time that's listed on your product. Then vacuum your rug.Does baking soda refresh carpet? ›
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Use a heavier amount on high-traffic areas such as hallways, walkways, or in front of the couch. WAIT: Let the baking soda sit on the carpet for ~15 minutes. VACUUM: Vacuum the carpet as you normally would.
In a bowl or small bucket, mix one part white vinegar with three parts water. Dip the bristles of the scrub brush into the solution and rub them into the carpet. Massage them into the fibers well (without fully saturating the carpet) and follow up with a cloth to help blot excess moisture.What time of year is best for carpet cleaning? ›
Spring. Spring is typically one of the most popular seasons for a professional carpet cleaning.Is it worth cleaning 20 year old carpet? ›
Age: If carpet is more than 12-15 years old, and hasn't been professionally cleaned at regular intervals, it most likely will need replacing. Conditions such as filter soiling, crushing, and traffic patterns will have taken their toll on the carpet, and a single cleaning will not undo decades of wear.How many times a year should you deep clean your carpet? ›
How Often Should I Deep Clean? Deep cleaning all depends on the amount of traffic in your home. We recommend deep cleaning your carpets and rugs at least twice a year, however, if you have pets, kids or a smoking habit, we recommend deep cleaning every quarter.
Mix together 3/4 cup hydrogen peroxide, 1/4 cup white vinegar, 2 tablespoons dish soap (without lotion), and 2 tablespoons fabric softener. Add this mixture to 1 gallon of warm but not boiling water, and use a spray bottle to squirt this mixture over carpet stains or areas needing cleaning.Does steam cleaning carpets ruin them? ›
A steam cleaner used at the wrong temperature or over an area for too long can cause damage to almost any carpet, however commercial carpets as you would expect are more durable and this type of damage is less likely.Should you vacuum after carpet cleaning? ›
Conclusion. Ultimately, running your vacuum over your carpets after a professional deep clean is great but remember to do it only after your carpet is completely dry. Vacuuming your carpet when it's still damp could cause dirt to be transferred from your vacuum cleaner, so patience does pay off.What is the best cleaning solution for area rugs? ›
Don't use carpet cleaner or carpet shampoo on your rugs, as the chemicals may be too strong and damage the fibers. Instead, use a rug shampoo, like Bissell Pro Max Clean and Protect, as the cleaning solution. Follow directions for mixing the solution with water.Does baking soda and vinegar clean rugs? ›
When you combine the neutralising properties of baking soda with the stain-attacking power of white vinegar, you have a fairly effective organic stain remover. The best part about vinegar and baking soda combined as a cleaning agent is the ability of the combination to remove stubborn, old stains.Can I use a carpet shampooer on a rug? ›
Our conclusion is to err on the side of caution and not use the carpet cleaner. The detergent and shampoos may not damage the rug, but the cleaner itself can damage the delicate fibers and make the rug look matted and worn.How can I make my carpet smell new again? ›
- Baking Soda for Carpet Odor Removal. ...
- Vinegar for Carpet Odor Removal. ...
- Borax for Carpet Odor Removal. ...
- Charcoal to Get Rid of Smells. ...
- Clean Carpets Regularly. ...
- Use a Carpet Deodorizer. ...
- Clean Up Spills and Accidents Immediately. ...
Liberally sprinkle baking soda atop the entire carpet surface. Using the stiff brush, work in several angles to deeply penetrate the carpeting fibers with the baking soda. Allow the baking powder to stay in place at least 12 hours. Vacuum the baking soda up thoroughly.